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Volume 17 , Issue 2
March/April 2002

Pages 191201

Patient Selection for Endosseous Dental Implants: Oral and Systemic Considerations

Philip B. Sugerman, BDS, MDSc, PhD, FRACDS, FDSRCS, FFOPRCPA, Michael T. Barber, BSc, BDSc, MDS

PMID: 11958401

This paper reviews the literature and discusses patient selection for endosseous dental implants and the effect of systemic and local pathology on the success rate of dental implants. Endosseous dental implants may be preferable to conventional dentures in patients with compromised supporting bone or mucosa, xerostomia, allergy to denture materials, severe gag reflex, susceptibility to candidiasis, diseases affecting orofacial motor function or in patients who demand optimal bite force, esthetics, and phonetics. Conventional dentures or fixed partial prostheses may be preferable to endosseous dental implants in growing and epileptic patients and patients at risk of oral carcinoma, anaphylaxis, severe hemorrhage, steroid crisis, endocarditis, osteoradionecrosis, myocardial infarction, or peri-implantitis. A systematic approach to dental implant patient selection is outlined and centralized reporting of dental implant outcomes is recommended. (INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 2002;17:191201)

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