LOGIN
 
Share Page:
Back

Volume 17 , Issue 1
January/February 2002

Pages 4451


Histologic and Histomorphometric Evaluation of Peri-implant Bone Subjected to Immediate Loading: An Experimental Study with Macaca Fascicularis

George E. Romanos, DDS, Dr med dent/Chooi Gait Toh, BDS, MSc, FICD/ Chong Huat Siar, BDS, MSc/Dasan Swaminathan, BDS, MSc/Ah Hup Ong, BDS


PMID: 11858574

Purpose: Immediately loaded splinted implants can become osseointegrated when they are placed in the anterior part of the mandible. The concept of immediate loading has not been well examined in the posterior mandible. The aim of this study was to evaluate the hard tissue reactions around immediately loaded implants placed in the posterior mandible in the monkey model. Materials and Methods: Six adult M. fascicularismonkeys were used in this study. Thirty-six Ankylos implants (Degussa Dental, Hanau-Wolfgang, Germany) were placed after extraction of the second premolar, first, and second molar teeth and complete healing of the sockets. Control (C) group implants were placed and, after osseointegration, were loaded for 1 month using temporary acrylic resin prostheses and later for 2 months using splinted metal crowns. In the contralateral region of the mandible, test (T) group implants were placed and loaded immediately with the same sequence as carried out for the C implants. After sacrifice of the animals, specimens were examined histologically and evaluated histomorphometrically. Results: All implants were osseointegrated. Compact, cortical bone in contact with the implant surface without any gaps or connective tissue formation was demonstrated. Discussion: Histomorphometric findings of the bone-implant-contacts showed no significant differences between the T and C group implants. Peri-implant mineralized bone areas presented statistically significant differences and showed a higher density of bone between the threads of immediately loaded implants (P < .05). Conclusions: Immediately loaded splinted implants in the posterior mandible can become osseointegrated with a hard tissue peri- implant response similar to that of delayed loaded implants. Moreover, immediate loading seems to increase the ossification of the alveolar bone around endosseous implants. (INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 2002;17:4451)


Full Text PDF File | Order Article

 

 
Get Adobe Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files. This is a free program available from the Adobe web site.
Follow the download directions on the Adobe web site to get your copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader.

 

© 2014 Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc JOMI Home
Current Issue
Ahead of Print
Archive
Author Guidelines
About
Accepted Manuscripts
Submission Form
Submit
Reprints
Permission
Advertising
Quintessence Home
Terms of Use
Privacy Policy
About Us
Contact Us
Help