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Volume 16 , Issue 6
November/December 2001

Pages 841850

Enhancing Osseointegration by Capacitively Coupled Electric Field: A Pilot Study on Early Occlusal Loading in the Dog Mandible

Takahiro Shigino, DDS, PhD/Morio Ochi, DDS, PhD/Yukito Hirose, DDS, PhD/ Hiroshi Hirayama, DDS, DMD, MS, FACP /Kunihiko Sakaguchi, DDS, PhD

PMID: 11769835

Expeditious postoperative appositional growth of bone to dental implants is desired for clinically successful fixation of oral implants. The present study was performed to evaluate the effect of applying a capacitively coupled electric field (CCEF) followed by functional loading on peri-implant osteogenesis in the dog mandible. Nine adult beagles were used in this study. All premolars on both sides of the mandible were removed from each dog. A physio-odontlam implant (POI, Ti-6AI-4v) with 2 stages (3.7 mm in diameter and 8.0 mm in length), whose surface had been treated with anodic oxidation and sandblasted, was placed into each test site by self-tapping. Daily application of CCEF (8 hours per day) was initiated on the day following surgery and continued for 14 days or 21 days. After CCEF treatment was finished for each period, a prosthetic abutment and a straight post were placed on each implant. Four days after placement of the post, implants were placed under functional loading for 30 days. The dogs were then sacrificed, and histologic and radiographic studies of the mandible were performed. Relatively well calcified, mature bone with a lamellar-like structure was observed by contact microradiography and histologic study (double staining with basic fuchsin-methylene blue) of the peri-implant region on the CCEF-treated samples. In contrast, poorly calcified, immature bone without a lamellar structure was observed in control sites not treated with CCEF. The bone area ratios of the CCEF-treated sides were larger than those of control sides. These results suggest that the application of CCEF after implant placement may enhance peri-implant osteogenesis, even with functional loading. (INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 2001;16:841850)

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