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Volume 11 , Issue 3
May/June 1996

Determination of Cantilever Length-Anterior-Posterior Spread Ratio Assuming Failure Criteria to Be the Compromise of the Prosthesis Retaining Screw-Prosthesis Joint

Mona E. McAlarney,DEngSc/Dimitrios N. Stavropoulos, DDS

PMID: 8752554

The maximum cantilever length-anterior-posterior spread (CL-AP) ratio is often used as an indication of the ability to cantilever in completely implant-supported prostheses. The CL-AP ratios were determined assuming that failure occurs when the prosthesis retaining screw-prosthesis joint was compromised by either compressive (exceeding the pretorque value) or tensile (opening of the joint via plastic deformation) vertical forces using the Skalak model. Geometric arrangements of three, four, five, and six implants were analyzed. Force variables were 143, 200, and 400 N for the applied force, the pretorque value, and the joint tensile yield strength, respectively. The pretorque value was always exceeded before the yield strength. Allowable CL-AP ratios were (1) lower than those previously reported and (2) found to be 0.5 to 1.8, 0.7 to 1.6, 1.1 to 1.7, and 1.8 for three, four, five, and six implants, respectively. Although implant distributions with the highest AP often provide adequate occlusion, the results of this study indicate that the use of a single CL-AP ratio alone is not necessarily a good indicator of the ability to cantilever. (INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 1996;11:331-339)

Key words: biomechanics, dental implant, pretorque value, prosthesis retaining screw, Skalak model

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