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Volume 11 , Issue 3
May/June 1996

Pages 360-371

Loaded and Nonloaded Titanium Versus Hydroxyapatite-Coated Threaded Implants in the Canine Mandible

Gerald H. Evans, DDS/Arturo J. Mendez, DDS, MSc/Richard F. Caudill, DMD

PMID: 8752557

A commercially pure titanium threaded implant was compared to a hydroxyapatite-coated threaded implant of similar geometric design and dimensions in the canine model. Bilateral posterior implants supported fixed prostheses, and some implants in the same mandibles served as unloaded control implants. Implants were evaluated clinically, radiographically, and histomorphometrically at the light microscope level to detect any differences in bone response to loaded conditions. No statistically significant differences were found between the two implant designs under loaded or nonloaded conditions with regard to mobility, probing depth, percentage of osseointegration, and crestal bone position. (INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 1996;11:360-371)

Key words: implants, loaded, mobility, osseointegration, Periotest

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