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Volume 11 , Issue 3
May/June 1996

Pages 311-321


Clinical Effectiveness of Implant-Supported Single-Tooth Replacement: The Toronto Study

Limor Avivi-Arber, BMedSc, DMD, MSc/George A. Zarb, BCHD, MS, DDS, MS, FRCD(c)


PMID: 8752552

Forty-one patients received 49 single-tooth implants placed in different jaw locations. One implant was not osseointegrated at stage 2 surgery. Three successfully osseointegrated implants were not available for follow-up. Forty-five implants were monitored for 1 to 8 years after loading. Each one of the implants met all of the traditionally accepted success criteria, except for nine individual implants that did not meet the proposed bone level criterion. No success criteria exist for natural teeth adjacent to implants. Although preliminary results are favorable, extensive long-term studies are needed to determine which specific criteria comprise optimal functional and esthetic results with minimal risk of morbidity. (INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 1996;11:311-321)

Key words: clinical study, dental implants, effectiveness, single-tooth implant


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