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Volume 8 , Issue 2
March/April 1993

Pages 191-196

Anatomic Considerations for Preventive Implantation

Harry W. Denissen, DDS, PhD/Warner Kalk, DDS, PhD/Hein A.H. Veldhuis, DDS, PhD/Marinus A.J. van Waas, DDS, PhD

PMID: 8359876

The aim of preventive implant therapy is to prevent or delay loss of alveolar ridge bone mass. For use in an anatomic study of 60 mandibles, resorption of the alveolar ridge was classified into four preventive stages: (1) after extraction of teeth; (2) after initial resorption; (3) when the ridge has atrophied to a knife-edge shape; and (4) when only basal bone remains. Implantation in stage 3 necessitates removal of the knife-edge ridge to create space for cylindrical implants. Therefore, implantation in stage 2 is advocated to prevent the development of stage 3. The aim of implantation in stage 4 is to prevent total loss of function of the atrophic mandible. INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 1993;8:191196.)

Key words: classification, implants, mandible, prevention

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