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Volume 6 , Issue 4
Winter 1991

Pages 391-398

Three-Dimensional Finite Element Stress Analysis in and Around the Screw-Vent Implant

N.L. Clelland, DMD, MSD/Y.H. Ismail, DMD, PhD/H.S. Zaki, DMD, MS/D. Pipko, DMD, MS

PMID: 1820307

The three-dimensional finite element stress analysis method was used to determine the pattern and concentration of stresses within the Screw-Vent endosseous implant and its supporting tissues. For this commercially pure titanium implant, maximum stresses were located within the implant collar immediately below the bony crest. These stresses were at least 18 times less than the endurance limit of commercially pure titanium (259.90 MPa). Maximum stresses (19.57 MPa) in the bone were lingual to the superior portion of the collar. Previous longitudinal radiographic studies of a similar implant have revealed bone loss mesial and distal to the implant. For the Screw-Vent, mesial and distal stresses (maximum 0.38 MPa) were much lower than those buccal and lingual to the implant. The clinical significance of the stress transfer to the bone buccal and lingual to the implant has yet to be determined. (INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 1991;6:391-398.)

Key words: bone, endosseous implant, stress transfer, three-dimensional finite element method

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