Share Page:

Volume 5 , Issue 1
Spring 1990

Pages 47-52

The Surface Characteristics Produced by Various Oral Hygiene Instruments and Materials on Titanium Implant Abutments

John W. Rapley, DDS, MS/Richard H. Swan, DMD, MSD/ William W. Hallmon, DMD, MS/Michael P. Mills, DMD, MS

PMID: 2202669

The purpose of this investigation was to determine the comparative surface roughness produced by various oral hygiene instruments and materials on titanium implant abutments. Ten Brånemark titanium abutment cylinders were used, with one serving as an untreated control. One abutment was used to evaluate each of nine oral hygiene instrumentation methods used for specified lengths of time or instrument strokes. Each abutment was sonically cleaned, air dried, and viewed with a scanning electron microscope. Polaroid photomicrographs were made of abutment surfaces at predetermined magnifications. They were analyzed by three investigators, who compared individual test parameters in terms of time application or stroke number. The resulting abutment surface roughness was also evaluated. The rubber cup with flour of pumice created a smoother surface than the control; the interdental brush, soft nylon toothbrush, plastic scaler, Eva® plastic tip, rubber cup, and Cavi jet® left a surface comparable to the control; the metal scalers and the Cavitron® created a severely roughened surface. (INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 1990;5:47-52.)

Key words: maintenance, surface roughness, titanium abutments

Full Text PDF File | Order Article


Get Adobe Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files. This is a free program available from the Adobe web site.
Follow the download directions on the Adobe web site to get your copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader.


© 2017 Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc JOMI Home
Current Issue
Ahead of Print
Author Guidelines
Accepted Manuscripts
Submission Form
Quintessence Home
Terms of Use
Privacy Policy
About Us
Contact Us