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Volume 4 , Issue 4
Winter 1989

Pages 327-332

Location of the Mandibular Canal: Comparison of Macroscopic Findings, Conventional Radiography, and Computed Tomography

Björn Klinge, DDS, PhD/Arne Petersson, DDS, PhD/Pavel Maly, MD, PhD

PMID: 2639861

Four mandibular specimens were radiographically examined bilaterally to locate the mandibular canal. The following radiographic techniques were used: periapical and panoramic radiography, hypocycloidal tomography, and computed tomography (CT). The distance; from the crest of the alveolar process to the superior border of the mandibular canal was measured in millimeters on all radiographs. The specimens were then sectioned, and the location of the mandibular canal (as measured on contact radiographs of the sections) was compared with measurements made on the other radiographs. The results showed that CT gave the most accurate position of the mandibular canal and is therefore probably the best method for preoperative planning of the implant surgery involving the area close to the mandibular canal. (INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 1989;4:327-332.)

Key words: computed tomography, implant surgery, inferior alveolar artery, inferior alveolar nerve, mandibular canal, radiography

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