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Volume 3 , Issue 4
Winter 1988

Pages 287-289

Removal Torque of Osseointegrated Craniofacial Implants: A Clinical Study

Anders Tjellström, MD, PhD / Magnus Jacobsson, MD, PhD / Tomas Albrektsson, MD, PhD

PMID: 3254348

Ten commercially pure titanium implants were inserted in the mastoid region of the human temporal bone in ten human volunteers and removed by using a torque gauge instrument 3 to 4 months thereafter. The average removal torque of nine implants was 42.7 Ncm with a range of 26 to 60 Ncm. One implant used for histology revealed evidence of bony as well as soft tissue in the interfacial region. (INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 1988;3:287-289.)

Key words: clinical, osseointegration, removal torque, titanium implant

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