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Volume 23 , Issue 2
March/April 2008

Pages 353–358

Stability Measurements of 1-Stage Implants in the Edentulous Mandible by Means of Resonance Frequency Analysis

Gerda Kessler-Liechti, Dr Med Dent/Jürgen Zix, Dr Med, Dr Med Dent/Regina Mericske-Stern, Prof Dr Med Dent

PMID: 18548934

Objective: Resonance frequency analysis (RFA) is a method of measuring implant stability. However, little is known about RFA of implants with long loading periods. The objective of the present study was to determine standard implant stability quotients (ISQs) for clinical successfully osseointegrated 1-stage implants in the edentulous mandible. Materials and Methods: Stability measurements by means of RFA were performed in regularly followed patients who had received 1- stage implants for overdenture support. The time interval between implant placement and measurement ranged from 1 year up to 10 years. The short-term group comprised patients who were followed up to 5 years, while the long-term group included patients with an observation time of > 5 years up to 10 years. For further comparison RFA measurements were performed in a matching group with unloaded implants at the end of the surgical procedure. For statistical analysis various parameters that might influence the ISQs of loaded implants were included, and a mixed-effects model applied (regression analysis, P < .0125). Results: Ninety-four patients were available with a total of 205 loaded implants, and 16 patients with 36 implants immediately after the surgical procedure. The mean ISQ of all measured implants was 64.5 ± 7.9 (range, 58 to 72). Statistical analysis did not reveal significant differences in the mean ISQ related to the observation time. The parameters with overall statistical significance were the diameter of the implants and changes in the attachment level. In the short-term group, the gender and the clinically measured attachment level had a significant effect. Implant diameter had a significant effect in the long-term group. Conclusions: A mean ISQ of 64.5 ± 7.9 was found to be representative for stable asymptomatic interforaminal implants measured by the RFA instrument at any given time point. No significant differences in ISQ values were found between implants with different postsurgical time intervals. Implant diameter appears to influence the ISQ of interforaminal implants. (Case Series) Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2008;23:353–358

Key words: implant stability, mandible, 1-stage implants, resonance frequency analysis

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