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Volume 22 , Issue 3
May/June 2007

Pages 383389

Laser Doppler Flowmetry for Assessment of Anterior Mandibular Teeth in Conjunction with Bone Harvesting in the Symphysis: A Clinical Pilot Study

Thomas von Arx, PD Dr Med Dent / Vivianne Chappuis, Dr Med Dent / Carmen Winzap-Kalin, Dr Med Dent / Michael M. Bornstein, Dr Med Dent

PMID: 17622004

Purpose: To evaluate the pulp sensitivity and vitality of mandibular incisors and canines before and after bone harvesting in the symphysis. Materials and Methods: In 20 patients requiring bone grafts from the symphysis, pulp sensitivity (carbon dioxide [CO2]) and pulpal blood flow (laser Doppler flowmetry [LDF]) of mandibular incisors and canines were evaluated preoperatively, postoperatively, and 6 months after surgery. Teeth were allocated to 1 of 3 groups according to their initial and final reaction to CO2 (group A = teeth with a positive reaction throughout the study, group B = teeth that exhibited a sensitivity change from positive to negative, and group C = teeth with a negative reaction throughout the study). Results: Preoperative flux measurements (LDF) did not differ between groups A, B, and C. Teeth with sensitivity changes (group B) showed the greatest decrease (a statistically significant decrease) of pulpal blood flow over time, whereas teeth in groups A and C demonstrated an insignificant reduction of flux over time. Discussion and Conclusions: LDF was purely used as an experimental tool in the present study. Pulpal blood flow measurements using LDF demonstrated a decrease of flux over time in anterior mandibular teeth following bone harvesting in the symphysis. A significant change of flux, however, was only observed for teeth that also demonstrated a loss of pulp sensitivity during the same study period. Loss of pulp sensitivity appeared to be correlated to a significant decrease of blood flow assessed by LDF. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2007;22:383389

Key words: bone harvesting, laser Doppler flowmetry, pulp sensitivity, pulp vitality, symphysis

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