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Volume 21 , Issue 5
September/October 2006

Pages 738746

Biomimetic Calcium Phosphate Composite Coating of Dental Implants

Henning Schliephake, MD, DDS, PhD / Dieter Scharnweber, PhD / Sophie Roesseler, PhD / Michel Dard, MD, DDS, PhD / Andreas Sewing, Dr rer nat / Arash Aref, MD, DDS

PMID: 17066635

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that calcium phosphate coating of titanium screw-type implants enhances peri-implant bone formation in the jaw. Materials and Methods: Ten adult female foxhounds received experimental titanium screw-type implants in the mandible 3 months after removal of all premolar teeth. Four types of implants were evaluated in each animal: implants with machined titanium surface (the control group), implants coated with collagen l (the collagen-only group), implants with a composite coating of calcium phosphate and mineralized collagen l (the composite group), and implants with calcium phosphate (hydroxyapatite [HA]) coating (the HA-only group). Peri-implant bone regeneration was assessed histomorphometrically after 1 and 3 months in 5 dogs each by measuring bone-implant contact (BIC) and the volume density of the newly formed peri-implant bone (BVD). Results: After 1 month, BIC was significantly enhanced only in the group of implants with composite coating of calcium phosphate and mineralized collagen (P = .038). Volume density of the newly formed peri-implant bone was significantly higher in all coated implants after 1 month. No significant difference from baseline was found in BIC for the collagen-only and HA-only groups, but BVD was significantly higher in implants with composite coating (P = .041). After 3 months, BIC and BVD were significantly higher in all coated implants than in the controls with machined surfaces. Conclusion: It was concluded that composite coating of dental screw-type implant surfaces using calcium phosphate and collagen can enhance BIC and peri-implant bone formation. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2006;21:738746

Key words: biomimetic coating, calcium phosphate, collagen, dental implants, Osseointegration

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