LOGIN
 
Share Page:
Back

Volume 15 , Issue 6
November/December 2000

Pages 779-784


Surface Analysis of Machined Versus Sandblasted and Acid-Etched Titanium Implants

Giovanna Orsini, DDS, Bartolomeo Assenza, MD, DDS, Antonio Scarano, DDS, Maurizio Piattelli, MD, DDS, Adriano Piattelli, MD, DDS


PMID: 11151575

Initially, implant surface analyses were performed on 10 machined implants and on 10 sandblasted and acid-etched implants. Subsequently, sandblasted and acid-etched implant cytotoxicity (using L929 mouse fibroblasts), morphologic differences between cells (osteoblast-like cells MG63) adhering to the machined implant surfaces, and cell anchorage to sandblasted and acid-etched implant surfaces were evaluated. Results indicated that acid etching with 1% hydrofluoric acid/30% nitric acid after sandblasting eliminated residual alumina particles. The average roughness (Ra) of sandblasted and acid-etched surfaces was about 2.15 ým. Cytotoxicity tests showed that sandblasted and acid-etched implants had non-cytotoxic cellular effects and appeared to be biocompatible. Scanning electron microscopic examination showed that the surface roughness produced by sandblasting and acid etching could affect cell adhesion mechanisms. Osteoblast-like cells adhering to the machined implants presented a very flat configuration, while the same cells adhering to the sandblasted and acid-etched surfaces showed an irregular morphology and many pseudopodi. These morphologic irregularities could improve initial cell anchorage, providing better osseointegration for sandblasted and acid-etched implants. (INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 2000;15:779-784) Key words: acid etching, cellular morphology, dental implants, immunologic cytotoxicity tests, surface properties


Full Text PDF File | Order Article

 

 
Get Adobe Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files. This is a free program available from the Adobe web site.
Follow the download directions on the Adobe web site to get your copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader.

 

© 2014 Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc JOMI Home
Current Issue
Ahead of Print
Archive
Author Guidelines
About
Accepted Manuscripts
Submission Form
Submit
Reprints
Permission
Advertising
Quintessence Home
Terms of Use
Privacy Policy
About Us
Contact Us
Help