Placement of Dental Implants Without Flap Surgery: A Clinical Report
Bader H. Al-Ansari, BDS, MScD, Robert R. Morris, DMD, Consultant.
Traditionally, the procedure of implant placement requires a surgical periosteal flap to be raised. In a percentage of implant cases, there is no need for flap surgery for implant placement, or for a follow-up surgical procedure for abutment connection. In this clinical investigation, 20 maxillary and mandibular implants were placed in seven adult male patients. The sites for implant placement were prepared according to an alternative surgical technique without raising a surgical flap. Patients were recalled periodically for 2 years to evaluate healing and clinical integration of implants. The results showed normal clinical healing at the first week of reexamination in all implant sites; periodontal probing of less than 2 mm circumferentially around all healing caps at 3 months and later at subsequent recall periods; no radiolucency observed in the peri-implant zone; no sign of clinical mobility during recall examination; and no persistent or irreversible sign or symptoms of pain, infection, or necrosis. This alternative surgical technique can provide several advantages over the traditional 2-step procedure. (INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 1998;13:861–865) Key words: alternative surgical technique, implant placement, surgical flap