Short (6-mm) Nonsubmerged Dental Implants: Results of a Multicenter Clinical Trial of 1 to 7 Years
Chris M. ten Bruggenkate, DMD, MD, PhD, Pekka Asikainen, DMD, Christian Foitzik, DMD, MD, Gisbert Krekeler, DMD, PhD, Franz Sutter, Dr H C, Dr H C.
Limited bone height restricts the use of long dental implants, so short implants may be selected in these situations. Recent reports on clinical results with short implants have been negative, however, and have suggested that indications for the use of these implants are limited. To verify these findings, a multicenter study of short ITI implants was carried out. In a 6-year period 253 short implants with a length of 6 mm were placed into 126 patients, who were followed up from 1 to 7 years. Altogether 7 implants were removed; 6 of these were located in the maxilla and 1 in the mandible. The quality of survival was comparable with the clinical results of longer implants from the same implant system. Although the clinical results of these short implants were favorable, it is recommended that they be used in combination with longer implants, especially when used in the less dense bone that is often seen in the maxilla. (INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 1998;13:791–798) Key words: atrophy, clinical results, nonsubmerged, short dental implants