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Volume 36 , Issue 6
November/December 2021

Pages 11801187

Computer-Aided Surgery and Immediate Loading to Rehabilitate Complete Arch with Four Dental Implants and Fixed Screw-Retained Prosthesis Up to 4 Years in Function: A Retrospective Study

Paolo Carosi, DDS, MSc, PhD/Nicola Ferrigno, DDS/Claudio Arcuri, MD, DDS/Mauro Laureti, MD, DDS

DOI: 10.11607/jomi.8946

Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyze retrospectively the clinical reliability of complete-arch rehabilitations with screw-retained fixed prostheses supported by four dental implants inserted with a fully guided surgical protocol. Materials and Methods: All the implants were placed between December 1, 2015, and April 30, 2019. Digital implant surgical planning was performed for all the complete-arch rehabilitations, and then, fully guided surgery was performed. The fixed provisional prostheses were delivered the day of the surgery and replaced by definitive prostheses after the healing period. Patients were followed up to determine survival of the implants and success of the overall treatment. Results: A total of 160 implants were positioned in 37 patients, with three patients receiving rehabilitations in both arches. A total of 40 complete-arch rehabilitations were performed, 26 in the maxilla and 14 in the mandible. Only five implants failed, resulting in an overall implant survival rate of 96.9%. No definitive prostheses failed, resulting in a 100% prosthetic success rate. The failed implants were successfully replaced before definitive prostheses were made, resulting in an overall treatment success of 100%. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, digital planning and guided surgery to perform complete-arch rehabilitations on four dental implants seems to be a valid treatment option. However, several prospective studies with longer follow-up are needed to achieve more predictable results.

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