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Volume 20 , Issue 3
May/June 2005

Pages 455460


Master Cast Accuracy in Single-Tooth Implant Replacement Cases: An In Vitro Comparison.A Technical Note

Paolo Vigolo, Dr Odont, MScD/Fulvio Fonzi, CDT/Zeina Majzoub, DCD, DMD, MScD/Giampiero Cordioli, MD, DDS


PMID: 15973958

Purpose: This in vitro study evaluated the accuracy of master casts obtained by using (1) copings modified by sandblasting and coating their roughened surfaces with impression adhesive before final impression procedures and (2) gold machined UCLA abutments as impression copings in final impression procedures for single-tooth implant replacement cases. Materials and Methods: A polymeric resin model with a standard single implant was used to simulate a clinical situation. A group of 20 impressions were made using square impression copings sandblasted to roughen their external surfaces at a supragingival level and then coated with Impregum polyether adhesive; a second group of 20 impressions were made using gold machined UCLA abutments as impression copings. The castable part of the UCLA abutments was secured with resin to the gold machined section of the UCLA abutment to prevent movement of the castable part itself on the gold machined portion during the impression procedures; the castable portion of the UCLA was also coated with the Impregum polyether adhesive to improve the stability of the gold machined UCLA abutment inside the impression material. Master casts fabricated for both groups were analyzed to detect rotational position change of the hexagon on the implant replicas in the master casts with reference to the resin model. Results: The rotational position changes of the hexagon on implant replicas were significantly less variable in the master casts obtained using gold machined UCLA abutments as impression copings than in the master casts achieved with the roughened square impression copings. Discussion: Improved precision of the impression was achieved when the gold machined UCLA abutments were used as impression copings. Conclusion: This report suggests that using gold machined UCLA abutments as impression copings in the final impression procedures can enable the clinician to achieve a more accurate orientation of the implant replicas in the laboratory master casts for single-tooth implant replacement cases. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2005;20:455460


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