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Volume 20 , Issue 2
March/April 2005

Pages 193–202

Histologic, Morphometric, and Densitometric Study of Peri-implant Bone in Rabbits with Local Administration of Growth Hormone

Isabel F. Tresguerres, MD, PhD, DDS/Miguel A. Alobera, MD, PhD, DDS/Rafael Baca, MD, PhD, DDS/Jesús A. F. Tresguerres, MD, PhD

PMID: 15839112

Purpose: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the local administration of growth hormone (GH) would influence the formation of peri-implant bone around titanium sheets placed in the tibiae of young rabbits. Materials and Methods: Thirty-two New Zealand rabbits were randomly placed in 1 of 2 groups: the experimental group, in which 4 IU (1.2 mg) of lyophilized powder (GH) was added to a surgically created defect at implant placement, or the control group, in which an implant sheet was placed without hormonal treatment. Animals were sacrificed at 1, 2, 3, and 6 weeks after surgery, and histologic sections were stained with Masson, Alcian blue, picrosirius, and hematoxylin-eosin and observed under light microscopy. The sections were analyzed morphometrically and densitometrically to calculate the amount of newly formed bone. Results: At week 2, GH-group sections showed enhanced growth of the trabeculae from the periosteal tissue, with thicker and more irregular trabeculae than those observed in control group specimens. A tendency toward greater bone area and lesser density was observed in the GH group, although the groups did not differ significantly. Nevertheless, bone-to-implant contact in weeks 2 and 6 was significantly greater in the GH group (P < .05). Discussion: An increase in the cortical response from periosteal and endosteal reactions was observed with the high local administration of GH, in disagreement with most authors. In the first phases of bone repair, the osteons were more disorganized; they were more organized by the sixth week. Conclusion: Local administration of GH could stimulate the first phases of the bone remodeling process in this experimental model. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2005;20:193–202

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