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Volume 30 , Issue 4
July/August 2015

Pages 754–760

Biochemical Responses of Anodized Titanium Implants with a Poly(lactide-co-glycolide)/Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 Submicron Particle Coating. Part 2: An In Vivo Study

Soo-Yeon Yoo, DDS, MSD/Seong-Kyun Kim, DDS, MSD, PhD/Seong-Joo Heo, DDS, MSD, PhD/Jai-Young Koak, DDS, MSD, PhD/Joo-Hee Lee, DDS, MSD, PhD/Ji-Man Park, DDS, PhD

PMID: 26252026
DOI: 10.11607/jomi.3701b

Purpose: A biochemical approach to implant surfaces can improve bone growth, resulting in desirable bone-implant interfaces. This study was conducted to identify the effect on osseointegration of direct coating of titanium (Ti) implants with poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide)(PLGA)/recombinant human bone morphogenetic 2 (rhBMP-2) submicron particles by electrospray. Materials and Methods: Anodized Ti implants were used as a control group, and implants coated with 80 μL of PLGA/rhBMP-2 (50 μg/mL rhBMP-2 per implant) submicron particles by electrospray were used as the experimental group in an in vivo rabbit tibia model. After 3 or 7 weeks of healing, specimens were obtained and prepared for histologic and histomorphometric analyses. Results: The implant surface coated with submicron PLGA/rhBMP-2 showed new bone growth in the apical direction earlier than control implants. In the experimental group at 3 weeks, the bone-to-implant contact ratio and bone area of the three best consecutive threads were significantly higher than those in the control group. However, there was no significant difference between groups at 7 weeks. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, the PLGA/rhBMP-2–coated implants facilitated osseointegration between bone and the Ti surface during the early healing phase.

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