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Volume 30 , Issue 3
May/June 2015

Pages 526-533


Comparison of Design and Torque Measurements of Various Manual Wrenches

Jörg Neugebauer, Priv-Doz, Dr Med Dent/Simone Petermöller/Martin Scheer, Priv-Doz, Dr Med, Dr Med Dent/Arndt Happe, Priv-Doz, Dr Med Dent/Franz-Josef Faber, Dr Dipl-Ing/Joachim E. Zoeller, Univ-Prof Dr Med, Dr Med Dent


PMID: 26009903
DOI: 10.11607/jomi.3733

Purpose: Accurate torque application and determination of the applied torque during surgical and prosthetic treatment is important to reduce complications. A study was performed to determine and compare the accuracy of manual wrenches, which are available in different designs with a large range of preset torques. Materials and Methods: Thirteen different wrench systems with a variety of preset torques ranging from 10 to 75 Ncm were evaluated. Three different designs were available, with a spring-in-coil or toggle design as an active mechanism or a beam as a passive mechanism, to select the preset torque. To provide a clinically relevant analysis, a total of 1,170 torque measurements in the range of 10 to 45 Ncm were made in vitro using an electronic torque measurement device. Results: The absolute deviations in Ncm and percent deviations across all wrenches were small, with a mean of –0.24 ± 2.15 Ncm and –0.84% ± 11.72% as a shortfall relative to the preset value. The greatest overage was 8.2 Ncm (82.5%), and the greatest shortfall was 8.47 Ncm (46%). However, extreme values were rare, with 95th-percentile values of –1.5% (lower value) and –0.16% (upper value). A comparison with respect to wrench design revealed significantly higher deviations for coil and toggle-style wrenches than for beam wrenches. Conclusion: Beam wrenches were associated with a lower risk of rare extreme values thanks to their passive mechanism of achieving the selected preset torque, which minimizes the risk of harming screw connections.


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