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Volume 29 , Issue 5
September/October 2014

Pages 1157–1163

Cone Beam Computed Tomographic Evaluation of Implants with Platform-Switched Morse Taper Connection with the Implant-Abutment Interface at Different Levels in Relation to the Alveolar Crest

Theofilos Koutouzis, DDS, MS/Rodrigo Neiva, DDS, MS/Madhu Nair, DDS, PhD/Jörg Nonhoff, DDS, PhD/Tord Lundgren, DDS, PhD

PMID: 25216143
DOI: 10.11607/jomi.3411

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate marginal bone levels, with cone beam computed tomography, on the buccal and lingual aspects of implants placed with the implant-abutment interface (IAI) at different positions in relation to the alveolar crest. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients in need of single-tooth rehabilitation were randomly assigned to three groups based on the position of the IAI in relation to the buccal aspect of the alveolar crest at the time of implant placement. Patients in groups 0, 1, and 2 had their implants placed level with the buccal crest or 1 or 2 mm apical to the buccal aspect of the alveolar crest, respectively. The implants were restored with screw-retained single crowns after 4 months. Marginal bone levels on the buccal and lingual aspects of the implants were evaluated at 12 months after implant placement. Results: All groups of implants demonstrated significantly different crestal positions. Group 2 implants maintained the greatest subcrestal position (1.33 ± 0.86 mm) compared to the implants of group 0 (–0.04 ± 0.18 mm) and group 1 (0.34 ± 0.44 mm). There were no differences between groups in the level of the first bone-to-implant contact relative to the implant platform. Implants of group 0 exhibited less buccal bone remodeling (–0.08 ± 0.25 mm) compared to group 1 (–0.65 ± 0.45 mm) and group 2 (–0.85 ± 0.75 mm) implants. For groups 1 and 2 implants, there was a significant negative correlation between buccal wall thickness following the osteotomy and the amount of buccal bone remodeling. Conclusion: In this study, different responses were seen in the buccal and lingual peri-implant bone for implants with platform-switched Morse taper connections placed with the IAI at different locations in relation to the alveolar crest.

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