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Volume 19 , Issue 2
March/April 2004

Pages 192–198


Evaluation of the Accuracy of 3 Transfer Techniques for Implant-Supported Prostheses with Multiple Abutments

Marcos M. Naconecy, DDS, MSc/Eduardo R. Teixeira, DDS, PhD/Rosemary S. A. Shinkai, DDS, MSc, PhD/Luis Carlos F. Frasca, DDS, MSc, PhD/André Cervieri, Eng, MSc


PMID: 15101589

Purpose: This study evaluated the deformation of a metallic framework connected to 15 stone casts fabricated using 3 transfer techniques to determine the most accurate impression procedure. Materials and Methods: Five stone casts were made from polyether impressions of an epoxy resin master model for each transfer technique. Group 1 samples were created by the direct splinted technique (square transfer copings splinted with carbon steel pins and autopolymerizing acrylic resin, custom tray); group 2 samples were made by the direct nonsplinted technique (square transfer copings, custom tray); and group 3 samples were fabricated using the indirect technique (tapered transfer copings, custom tray). Sixteen strain gauges were fixed on the framework to measure the degree of framework deformation for each stone cast. Pairs of strain gauges placed opposite each other constituted 1 channel to read deformation (half Wheatstone bridge). Deformation readings were collected at the 4 segments between abutments in 4 directions (anterior, posterior, superior, and inferior). Deformation data were analyzed using analysis of variance and the Tukey test at the .05 and .01 levels of significance. Results: Group 1 samples allowed the most accurate reproduction of analog position compared to the samples made using the other techniques. No significant difference was found between the direct nonsplinted (group 2) and indirect (group 3) techniques. Discussion: Although some studies have evaluated transfer techniques with similar methodology, this study demonstrated the most suitable strain gauge setup to record framework deformations in all directions and simultaneously offset the effects of temperature variation. Conclusions: The direct splinted technique was the most accurate transfer method for multiple abutments compared to direct nonsplinted and indirect techniques. INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 2004;19:192–198


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