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Volume 29 , Issue 1
January/February 2014

Pages e130e138

Paranasal Bone: The Prime Factor Affecting the Decision to Use Transsinus vs Zygomatic Implants for Biomechanical Support for Immediate Function in Maxillary Dental Implant Reconstruction

Ole T. Jensen, DDS, MS/Mark W. Adams, DDS, MS/Edmund Smith, MSc

PMID: 24451881
DOI: 10.11607/jomi.te52

Paranasal bone affects the decision-making process for placement of implants for immediate function in the highly resorbed maxilla. The most important bone for apical fixation of implants in this setting is the lateral nasal bone mass. Maximum available bone mass found at the pyriform above the nasal fossa, designated M point, can most often engage two implants placed at 30-degree angles. The second most important area of paranasal bone mass is the subnasal bone of the premaxilla, which is required to engage an angled implant at the alveolar crest. However, only 4 to 5 mm in height is needed when implants are angled posterior to engage M point. The third most important paranasal bone site for implant fixation is the midline nasal crest extending upward to the vomer. This site, which is usually type 1/2 bone, can engage implants apically and provide enough fixation for immediate function even if implants are short. These anatomical bone sites enable placement of implants to obtain a 12- to 15-mm anterior-posterior spread, which is favorable for immediate function.

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