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Volume 28 , Issue 5
September/October 2013

Pages 13221330

A 5- to 8-year Retrospective Study Comparing the Clinical Results of Implant-Supported Telescopic Crown Versus Bar Overdentures in Patients With Edentulous Maxillae

Duohong Zou, DDS, MD, PhD/Yiqun Wu, DDS, MD, PhD/Wei Huang, DDS, MD/Zhiyong Zhang, DDS/Zhiyuan Zhang, DDS, MD, PhD

PMID: 24066324
DOI: 10.11607/jomi.3100

Purpose: The objective of this study was to compare implant survival and success rates, peri-implant parameters, and prosthodontic maintenance efforts for implant-supported telescopic crown overdentures and bar overdentures to restore maxillary edentulism. Materials and Methods: This retrospective clinical study involved patients with maxillary edentulism who were fitted with implant-supported overdentures from January 2004 to June 2007. During a 5- to 8-year follow-up period, the implant survival and success rates, biologic and mechanical complications, prosthodontic maintenance, and patient satisfaction were retrospectively analyzed. The data were evaluated statistically and P < .05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: Forty-four patients with maxillary edentulism received implant-supported removable overdentures. Twenty-one patients chose telescopic crown overdentures and 23 patients chose bar overdentures. A total of 41 patients and 201 implants were available for follow-up. The implant survival and success rates, average bone resorption, and subjective patient satisfaction scores showed no difference between the telescopic crown and the bar overdenture group at follow-up. However, there were higher values for Plaque and Calculus Indexes in the bar group compared with the telescopic crown group, and these values showed a statistically significant difference annually from the 3-year follow-up (P < .05). Each year, the number of prosthodontics maintenance procedures per patient did not significantly differ between the telescopic crown (approximately 0.36 to 0.58) and bar groups (approximately 0.30 to 0.49) (P = .16). Conclusions: Although there were higher plaque and calculus levels in the bar group and more maintenance was required for the telescopic crown group, overdentures provided a healthy peri-implant structure for implants in both groups. Implant-supported telescopic crown or bar overdentures can provide a good treatment option for patients with edentulous maxillae.

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