LOGIN
 
Share Page:
Back

Volume 19 , Issue 1
January/February 2004

Pages 59–65


Evaluation of Platelet-Rich Plasma in Combination with Anorganic Bovine Bone in the Rabbit Cranium: A Pilot Study

Tara L. Aghaloo, DDS, MD/Peter K. Moy, DMD/Earl G. Freymiller, DMD, MD


PMID: 14982356

Purpose: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is potentially useful as an adjunct to allograft and xenograft materials in oral and maxillofacial bone and implant reconstructive surgery. This study compares bone healing and formation in 4 cranial defects in rabbits grafted with autogenous bone, xenograft, and xenograft with PRP (with a no-graft group as a control). Materials and Methods: Fifteen New Zealand white rabbits were included in this randomized, blind, prospective pilot study. Four identical 8-mmdiameter defects were created in each rabbit cranium and immediately grafted with the above materials. Five rabbits were evaluated at 1 month, 5 at 2 months, and 5 at 4 months. Radiographs were used to evaluate bone density. Results: Radiographically, sites at which Bio-Oss, autogenous bone, and Bio-Oss + PRP were grafted showed a significant increase in bone density at 1 month (P = .05 for Bio-Oss, P = .02 for autogenous bone, P = .008 for Bio-Oss + PRP) and at 4 months (P = .02 for Bio-Oss, P = .04 for autogenous bone, P = .05 for Bio-Oss + PRP). Autogenous bone sites (P  .001) and Bio-Oss + PRP sites (P  .001) also showed significant increases at 2 months. Histomorphometrically, autogenous bone sites showed a significantly greater increase than control sites (P = .08 at 1 month, P = .03 at 2 months, P = .01 at 4 months), Bio-Oss sites (P  .001 at all 3 evaluation points), or Bio-Oss + PRP sites (P = .009 at 1 month, P = .02 at 2 months, P = .01 at 4 months). Furthermore, Bio-Oss + PRP sites showed a significantly greater increase in bone area at 1, 2, and 4 months than Bio-Oss alone (P = .003 at 1 month, P = .02 at 2 months, P = .006 at 4 months). Discussion: Radiographs showed significantly greater bone density at the Bio-Oss, autogenous bone, and Bio-Oss + PRP sites than at control sites at nearly every point in time evaluated; however, clinical significance is difficult to determine, since all materials appeared dense on the radiograph. Histomorphometry showed that the increase in bone area at autogenous sites was significantly greater than that seen with other grafting materials or at the control sites. Conclusion: This study showed a histomorphometric increase in bone formation with the addition of PRP to Bio-Oss in non–critical-sized defects in the rabbit cranium. INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 2004;19:59–65


Full Text PDF File | Order Article

 

 
Get Adobe Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files. This is a free program available from the Adobe web site.
Follow the download directions on the Adobe web site to get your copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader.

 

© 2014 Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc JOMI Home
Current Issue
Ahead of Print
Archive
Author Guidelines
About
Accepted Manuscripts
Submission Form
Submit
Reprints
Permission
Advertising
Quintessence Home
Terms of Use
Privacy Policy
About Us
Contact Us
Help