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Volume 28 , Issue 3
May/June 2013

Pages e135e142

Experimental and Numeric Stress Analysis of Titanium and Zirconia One-Piece Dental Implants

Nicola Mobilio, DDS/Filippo Stefanoni, PhD/Paolo Contiero, DDS/Francesco Mollica, PhD/Santo Catapano, DMD

PMID: 23748332
DOI: 10.11607/jomi.2335

Purpose: To compare the stress in bone around zirconia and titanium implants under loading. Materials and Methods: A one-piece zirconia implant and a replica of the same implant made of commercially pure titanium were embedded in two self-curing acrylic resin blocks. To measure strain, a strain gauge was applied on the surface of the two samples. Loads of 50, 100, and 150 N, with orientations of 30, 45, and 60 degrees with respect to the implant axis were applied on the implant. Strain under all loading conditions on both samples was measured. Three-dimensional virtual replicas of both the implants were reproduced using the finite element method and inserted into a virtual acrylic resin block. All the materials were considered isotropic, linear, and elastic. The same geometry and loading conditions of the experimental setup were used to realize two new models, with the implants embedded within a virtual bone block. Results: Very close values of strain in the two implants embedded in acrylic resin were obtained both experimentally and numerically. The stress states generated by the implants embedded in virtual bone were also very similar, even if the two implants moved differently. Moreover, the stress levels were higher on cortical bone than on trabecular bone. Conclusions: The stress levels in bone, generated by the two implants, appeared to be very similar. From a mechanical point of view, zirconia is a feasible substitute for titanium. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2013;28:e135e142. doi: 10.11607/jomi.2335

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