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Volume 28 , Issue 3
May/June 2013

Pages e128e134

Implant Biomechanical Stability Variation at Early Implantation Times in Vivo: An Experimental Study in Dogs

Julio B. Gomes, DDS/Felipe E. Campos, DDS/Charles Marin, DDS, PhD/Hellen S. Teixeira, DDS/Estevam A. Bonfante, DDS, PhD/Marcelo Suzuki, DDS/Lukasz Witek, MS/Darceny Zanetta-Barbosa, DDS, PhD/Paulo G. Coelho, DDS, PhD

PMID: 23748331
DOI: 10.11607/jomi.2885

Purpose: To demonstrate the degree of stability decrease and subsequent increase of dental implants at early implantation times in a beagle model. Materials and Methods: The mandibular premolars and first molars of eight beagle dogs were extracted and the ridges allowed to heal for 8 weeks. Thirty-two (n = 16 each group) implants were placed bilaterally, and remained in vivo for 1 and 3 weeks. The implants with comparable dimensions were divided as follows: group 1, Straumann Bone Level with SLActive surface; group 2, Nobel Speedy Replace RP with TiUnite surface. During insertion and following sacrifice, the implants were torqued to determine insertion and interface failure values. Histologic sections were prepared for microscopy. Statistical analysis was performed using Kruskal-Wallis and multiple paired and non-paired t tests considering unequal variances at a 95% level of significance. Results: High insertion torque values were observed along with a significant decrease at 1 week in vivo (P = .003). At 3 weeks, the biomechanical fixation levels increased and were comparable to the insertion torque value. Histology showed that interfacial bone remodeling and initial woven bone formation was observed around both implant groups at 1 and 3 weeks. Conclusions: As time elapsed early after implantation, the biomechanical stability of dental implants initially decreased and subsequently increased. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2013;28:e128e134. doi: 10.11607/jomi.2885

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