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Volume 28 , Issue 1
January/February 2013

Pages 136–142

Biomechanical Testing of Microblasted, Acid-Etched/Microblasted, Anodized, and Discrete Crystalline Deposition Surfaces: An Experimental Study in Beagle Dogs

Estevam A. Bonfante, DDS, MS, PhD/Rodrigo Granato, DDS, MS, PhD1/ Charles Marin, DDS, MS, PhD/Ryo Jimbo, PhD/Gabriela Giro, DDS, MS, PhD/Marcelo Suzuki, DDS/Paulo G. Coelho, DDS, MS, BS, MsMtE, PhD

PMID: 23377058
DOI: 10.11607/jomi.2331

Purpose: Modifications in implant surface topography and chemistry may alter the early bone response at different levels. This study characterized four implant surfaces and evaluated the biomechanical fixation and histologic response at early implantation times in a canine radius model. Materials and Methods: Externalhexagon Brånemark-type implants were used with four experimental surfaces: microblasted (MI), acid-etched and microblasted (AAM), anodized (A), and discrete crystalline deposition (DCD). Surface topography was assessed by scanning electron microscopy, interferometry, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The implants were placed in the central region of the radii of eight beagle dogs and remained in vivo for 10 or 30 days. The implants were torqued to interface failure, and a general linear statistical model with torque as the dependent variable and implant surface and time in vivo as independent variables was used. Results: All surfaces presented were textured, and different surface chemistries were observed. No significant differences between implant surfaces were observed for torque at 10 days. However, at 30 days, the AAM surface presented significantly higher torque values compared to the DCD and A surfaces. Significantly higher torque values were observed at 30 days compared to 10 days (P < .001). Conclusions: Significantly different biomechanical fixation dependent on surface preparation was observed after 30 days, and all surfaces were biocompatible and osteoconductive. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2013;28:136–142. doi: 10.11607jomi.2331

Key words: dental implant, histology, in vivo, osseointegration, surface properties

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