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Volume 14 , Issue 5
September/October 1999

Pages 689698

A Histometric Comparison of Smooth and Rough Titanium Implants in Human Low-Density Jawbone

Paolo Trisi, DDS, PhD, Walter Rao, MD, DDS, Alberto Rebaudi, MD, DDS

PMID: 10531741

The aim of this investigation was to conduct a comparative histometric analysis of bone-implant interface between a rough titanium surface and smooth implants in low-density human jawbone after 3, 6, and 12 months of submerged, undisturbed healing. Six adult volunteer patients undergoing standard implant placement were enrolled in this project. Each patient received 1 smooth and 1 rough implant. After 3, 6, and 12 months, the implants were harvested for histometric analysis. The values of bone-implant contact were the following: 3 months smooth 6.2%, 3 months rough 58.9%, 6 months smooth 3.55%, 6 months rough 72.9%, 12 months smooth 6.7%, and 12 months rough 76.75%. The results showed that in low-density bone the rough surface dramatically enhanced the amount of bone-to-implant contact. Because of the small number of implants examined, definite conclusions cannot be drawn, even though the statistical analysis showed significant differences between the smooth and rough groups (P = .0129; F = 76.065). Nevertheless, a trend was evident in these observations: while a rough implant surface may enhance the rate of osseointegration, it is not able to significantly change the bone density, and an implant placed in low-density bone is at a higher risk of failure when occlusal loading begins. (Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1999;14:689698) Key words: histometry, human histology, implant surface, rough implants

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