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Volume 27 , Issue 6
November/December 2012

Pages 1461–1473


Air Powder Abrasive Treatment as an Implant Surface Cleaning Method: A Literature Review

Ceylin S. Tastepe, DDS/Rien van Waas, DDS, PhD/Yuelian Liu, DDS, PhD/Daniel Wismeijer, DDS, PhD


PMID: 23189298

Objective: To evaluate the air powder abrasive treatment as an implant surface cleaning method for peri-implantitis based on the existing literature. Materials and Methods: A PubMed search was conducted to find articles that reported on air powder abrasive treatment as an implant surface cleaning method for peri-implantitis. The studies evaluated cleaning efficiency and surface change as a result of the method. Furthermore, cell response toward the air powder abrasive–treated discs, reosseointegration, and clinical outcome after treatment is also reported. Results: The PubMed search resulted in 27 articles meeting the inclusion criteria. In vitro cleaning efficiency of the method is reported to be high. The method resulted in minor surface changes on titanium specimens. Although the air powder abrasive–treated specimens showed sufficient levels of cell attachment and cell viability, the cell response decreased compared with sterile discs. Considerable reosseointegration between 39% and 46% and improved clinical parameters were reported after treatment when applied in combination with surgical treatment. The results of the treatment are influenced by the powder type used, the application time, and whether powder was applied surgically or nonsurgically. Conclusion: The in vivo data on air powder abrasive treatment as an implant surface cleaning method is not sufficient to draw definitive conclusions. However, in vitro results allow the clinician to consider the method as a promising option for implant surface cleaning in periimplantitis treatment. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2012;27:1461–1473

Key words: airflow, biofilm, implant surface, peri-implantitis


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