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Volume 27 , Issue 6
November/December 2012

Pages 1359-1374

Systematic Assessment of Clinical Outcomes in Bone-Level and Tissue-Level Endosseous Dental Implants

Ioannis D. Vouros, DDS, Dr Med Dent/Christos D. R. Kalpidis, DDS, DSc/Attila Horvath, DDS/Aviva Petrie, BSc, MSc, CStat, CSci/Nikolaos Donos, DDS, MS, PhD

PMID: 23189285

Purpose: The aim of the present systematic review was to address the following question: in patients treated with dental implants placed in pristine bone, what are the clinical and radiographic outcomes of bone-level (BL) implants in comparison to tissue-level (TL) implants after restoration with dental prostheses? Materials and Methods: Scanning of online literature databases from 1966 to January 2012, supplemented by hand searching, was conducted to identify relevant prospective randomized controlled trials, controlled clinical trials, and cohort studies. Sequential screenings at the title, abstract, and full-text levels were performed independently and in duplicate. A meta-analysis was conducted to compile data from the primary studies included in this systematic review. Results: The search strategy revealed a total of 5,998. Screening at the title level resulted in 752 papers, while screening at the abstract level yielded 92 publications. Full-text reading identified nine articles that fulfilled the inclusion criteria of this review. The pooled estimated difference between BL and TL implants in mean marginal bone loss was 0.05 mm (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.03 to 0.13 mm), with no statistically significant difference between the groups at 1 year after placement of the definitive prostheses. The relative risk of implant loss was estimated at 1.00 (95% CI, 0.99 to 1.02) at 1 year and at 1.01 (95% CI, 0.99 to 1.03) at 3 years after restoration, indicating no evidence of an increased risk of implant loss in BL compared to TL implants. Conclusions: No statistically significant differences in bone loss and survival rates were detected between BL and TL dental implants over a short-term observation period (1 to 3 years). Thus, both implant systems fulfill the requirements for the replacement of missing teeth in implant dentistry. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2012;27:13591374

Key words: bone-level implants, bone loss, dental implants, implant outcomes, implant survival, systematic review, tissue-level implants

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