LOGIN
 
Share Page:
Back

Volume 27 , Issue 5
September/October 2012

Pages 1144–1150


Sinus Floor Elevation by Osteotome: Hand Mallet Versus Electric Mallet. A Prospective Clinical Study

Roberto Crespi, MD, MS/Paolo Capparè, MD/Enrico Gherlone, MD, DMD, PhD


PMID: 23057028

Purpose: The aim of this clinical study was to compare a hand mallet with an electric mallet in osteotomeassisted sinus elevation. Materials and Methods: Eighty patients, all of whom were edentulous in the maxillary premolar and molar regions, were included in this prospective study. The patients were divided into two groups. In one group (40 patients, control group) sinus floor elevation was performed with an osteotome pushed by a hand mallet, and in the second group (40 patients, test group) sinus floor elevation was performed with the use of an electric mallet. One-hundred twenty dental implants (60 test, 60 control) were positioned. Intraoral digital radiographic examinations were made at baseline and at 6, 12, and 24 months after implant placement. Alveolar bone height was measured and reported at 6, 12, and 24 months. Results: After 24 months, a survival rate of 98.33% was reported. Three control group patients developed benign paroxysmal positional vertigo following the use of osteotomes and percussion with the hand mallet. The mean alveolar bone gain at 6 months after implant placement was 2.64 ± 1.21 mm in the control group and 2.45 ± 1.55 mm in the test group. After 12 months, the bone height had increased in both groups, and at 24 months it was stable (4.17 ± 1.70 mm in the control group and 4.07 ± 1.03 mm in the test group). No statistically significant differences were seen between groups. Conclusions: A significant increase in bone height was achieved between 6 and 12 months, and bone levels remained stable at 2 years. The use of an electric mallet provided some essential advantages during surgery in comparison with the hand mallet. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2012;27:1144–1150

Key words: dental implant, electrical mallet, sinus elevation


Full Text PDF File | Order Article

 

 
Get Adobe Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files. This is a free program available from the Adobe web site.
Follow the download directions on the Adobe web site to get your copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader.

 

© 2014 Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc JOMI Home
Current Issue
Ahead of Print
Archive
Author Guidelines
About
Accepted Manuscripts
Submission Form
Submit
Reprints
Permission
Advertising
Quintessence Home
Terms of Use
Privacy Policy
About Us
Contact Us
Help