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Volume 27 , Issue 4
July/August 2012

Pages 833-838

An In Vitro Comparison of Joint Stability of Implant-Supported Fixed Prosthetic Suprastructures Retained with Different Prosthetic Screws and Levels of Fit Under Masticatory Simulation Conditions

Ana Paula Farina, DDS, MSD, PhD/Aloísio Oro Spazzin, DDS, MSD/Juliana Maria Costa Nuñez Pantoja, DDS, MSD, PhD/Rafael Leonardo Xediek Consani, DDS, MSD, PhD/Marcelo Ferraz Mesquita, DDS, MSD, PhD

PMID: 22848885

Purpose: This study sought to determine an optimal postinsertion retorque protocol to maintain implantsuprastructure joint stability after being subjected to a 1-year in vitro masticatory simulation. Materials and Methods: Ten mandibular implant-supported dentures were manufactured and 20 epoxy resin models were obtained for two fit levels: passive fit and misfit. Eight groups (n = 20) were created on the basis of vertical fit (passive or misfit) and prosthetic screw material (titanium or gold). The single-screw test was performed and the vertical misfit was quantified using an optical microscope. Loosening torque was measured after simulations of two types of clinical use: (1) 6 months of use, torque loosening, retightening, another 6 months of use, and loosening torque; and (2) 1 year of use followed by loosening torque. Data were analyzed by means of two-way analysis of variance and the Tukey test. Results: The factors of cycling time and condition use (fit level and screw type), as well the interaction between these factors, significantly influenced the loosening torque (P < .05). After 6 months and another 6 months of clinical use simulation, titanium screws showed higher loosening torque values than did gold screws for the same fit level (P < .05). After 1 year of clinical use simulation, titanium and gold screws in passively fit dentures showed higher loosening torque values than they did in misfit dentures (P < .05). The titanium screws presented a decrease in the loosening torque after 1 year in misfit dentures. Conclusions: The stability of titanium screws was higher than that of gold screws after 6 months of simulation because of their lower plastic deformation. When the cycling time was analyzed, titanium screws were less stable after 1 year of simulation because of loss of torque in the presence of misfit. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2012;27:833–838

Key words: cyclic loading, implant prosthesis, loosening torque, prosthetic screw

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