LOGIN
 
Share Page:
Back

Volume 15 , Issue 5
September/October 2000

Pages 633-645


The Longitudinal Clinical Effectiveness of ITI Solid-Screw Implants in Partially Edentulous Patients: A 5-Year Follow-up Report

Alexandra Behneke, Priv-Doz Dr med dent, Nikolaus Behneke, Prof Dr med dent, Bernd dHoedt


PMID: 11055130

A total of 114 ITI solid-screw implants was consecutively placed in 55 partially edentulous patients and restored with 68 fixed prostheses. The patients were followed for at least 5 years in a prospective study that focused on implant success and longitudinal reactions of the peri-implant hard and soft tissues. During the study period, 5 implants failed and 15 implants were lost to follow-up, resulting in a cumulative survival rate of 95.3% after 5 years of loading. The success analysis included additional strictly defined events (first occurrence of marginal bone loss > 4 mm, first occurrence of pocket depth > 4 mm, and first occurrence of crevicular fluid volume > 2.5 mm) and resulted in a cumulative 5-year success rate of 89.0%. Median loss of marginal bone, as observed on radiographs, was 0.7 mm between implant placement and prosthetic treatment and 0.5 mm between prosthesis placement and the 5-year evaluation. Compared to the previous years value, the annual increase in marginal bone loss did not reach a level of statistical significance between 1 and 5 years of function, so that a steady state prevailed. The incidence of lingual-palatal surfaces affected with remarkable plaque deposits increased from 13% after prosthesis placement to 23% after 5 years. Sulcus Bleeding Index, probing depth, attachment level, and crevicular fluid volume were used to describe the health of the peri-implant soft tissues. The research parameters remained almost unchanged and indicated a soft tissue response within physiologic levels. Most mechanical complications were experienced during the first year of loading and were related to loosening of occlusal screws, which occurred in 8 (12%) of 68 restorations. (INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 2000;15:633645) Key words: bone resorption, dental implants, endosseous dental implantation, oral mucosa, partially edentulous jaw


Full Text PDF File | Order Article

 

 
Get Adobe Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files. This is a free program available from the Adobe web site.
Follow the download directions on the Adobe web site to get your copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader.

 

© 2014 Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc JOMI Home
Current Issue
Ahead of Print
Archive
Author Guidelines
About
Accepted Manuscripts
Submission Form
Submit
Reprints
Permission
Advertising
Quintessence Home
Terms of Use
Privacy Policy
About Us
Contact Us
Help