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Volume 28 , Issue 1
January/February 2013

Pages 4450

An In Vitro Pilot Study of Abutment Stability During Loading in New and Fatigue-Loaded Conical Dental Implants Using Synchrotron-Based Radiography

Tanja Rack, MS/Simon Zabler, PhD/Alexander Rack, PhD/Heinrich Riesemeier, PhD/Katja Nelson, PhD, DDS

PMID: 23377046
DOI: 10.11607/jomi.2748

Purpose: The implant-abutment connection of a two-piece dental implant exhibits complex micromechanical behavior. A microgap is evident at the implant-abutment interface, even in the virgin state, and its width varies when an external mechanical load is applied. Materials and Methods: This study used high-resolution synchrotron-based radiography in combination with hard x-ray phase-contrast mode to visualize this gap and estimate its size. Commercially available implants with different internal conical implant-abutment connections were imaged. Pairs of implants were imaged as manufactured (new) and after fatigue loading (5 million cycles up to 120 N). Then, different static loads were applied at different angles relative to the implant-abutment assemblies, and the implant-abutment microgaps were measured and compared. Results: Microgaps existed in all systems. Fatigue loading extended the size of the microgap and increased the possibility of micromovement of the implant-abutment complex. The cone angle of the connection also influenced the stability of the abutment, with flatter cones appearing to be more stable. Conclusion: Cyclic loading at medium force (120 N) induces plastic deformation of titanium implants and abutments. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2013;28:4450. doi: 10.11607/jomi.2748

Key words: dental implants, digital radiography, phase-contrast microscopy, synchrotron radiography, titanium

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