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Volume 29 , Issue 2
March/April 2014

Pages e165–e170

Liquid Nitrogen–Treated Autogenous Dentin as Bone Substitute: An Experimental Study in a Rabbit Model

Basim K. Atiya, DDS, MDSc/Palasuntharam Shanmuhasuntharam, BDS, MDS/Siar Huat, BDS, MSc/Shurooq Abdulrazzak, BDS, MDSc/Ha Oon, BDS, MBBS

PMID: 24683579
DOI: 10.11607/jomi.te54

Purpose: Different forms of dentin, including untreated, undemineralized, demineralized, boiled, or mixed with other materials, have been evaluated for efficacy as bone substitutes. However, the effects of application of liquid nitrogen–treated dentin for bone grafting remain unknown. The objective of this study was to chronologically evaluate bone healing following grafting with liquid nitrogen–treated dentin in a rabbit model. Materials and Methods: Autogenous dentin treated with liquid nitrogen at –196°C for 20 minutes was used. In 16 New Zealand White rabbits, a bone defect (5 mm in diameter) was created in each femur and randomly grafted with either autogenous dentin (experimental group) or autogenous bone grafts (positive control). In another four rabbits (negative control), a similar defect in each femur was left empty. The rabbits were sacrificed at 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks. Explants of grafted sites were harvested for histologic and histomorphometric analysis. Results: At 2 and 4 weeks in both the experimental and positive control groups, accelerated formation of new bone was observed, which was undergoing remodeling at 8 and 12 weeks. The mean new bone score was higher in the experimental than in the negative control groups, but this was not statistically significant. Conclusion: The present results demonstrated that liquid nitrogen–treated autogenous dentin has both osteoconductive and osteoinductive properties and therefore has potential as a bone substitute.

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