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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OHPD

 

Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

Edited by Prof. Dr. Jean-François Roulet, Prof. Dr. Dr. Niklaus P. Lang, Prof. Dr. Palle Holmstrup

Official journal of the Academy of Minimally Invasive Dentistry, the World Congress of Microdentistry, and the European Society of Preventive Dentistry

ISSN (print) 1602-1622 • ISSN (online) 1757-9996

Publication:

Fall 2003
Volume 1 , Issue 3



Pages: 179-183
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Prevalence of Caries in 6-year-old Austrian Children

Städtler, P. / Bodenwinkler, A. / Sax, G.

The 2001 Austrian oral health survey investigated a representative sample of 6-year-old Austrian children. 516 6-year-old Austrian children were investigated with respect to d1-3mft and d1-3mfs and visible plaque index (VPI). Forty-nine per cent of the children were caries free (d3ft = 0). The children had 2.1 d3ft (3.5 d1-3mft) and 3.9 d3fs (6.1 d1-3fs). 2.6 d3s unrestored carious lesions (d3s) predominated over 1.3 filled surfaces (fs). There was no statistical difference between girls and boys. The prevalence of caries showed a very skewed distribution: 50% of all d3s were concentrated in 8% of the children with 86% of all carious lesions in 25% of the children. The prevalence of caries was inversely related to the educational level of the parents (Spearman rank test p < 0.001; r = -0.219) and family income (p <0.001; r = -0.173): Children of parents with low educational levels (9 years of schooling) had 3.3 d3ft whereas children of parents with university degrees had only 1.0 d3ft. Six-year-old Austrian children showed a very skewed distribution of the prevalence of caries and high need for dental treatment. There is a great need for pediatric dentistry in Austria.

Keywords: caries prevalence, dmf, dental care, preschool children

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