Home Subscription Services
 
   

 
Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry
OHPD Home Page
About the Editor
Editorial Board
Submit
Author Guidelines
Submission Form
Reprints / Articles
Permissions
Advertising
MEDLINE Search
 
 
 
 
 
FacebookTwitterYouTube
Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OHPD

 

Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

Edited by Prof. Dr. Jean-François Roulet, Prof. Dr. Dr. Niklaus P. Lang, Prof. Dr. Palle Holmstrup

Official journal of the Academy of Minimally Invasive Dentistry, the World Congress of Microdentistry, and the European Society of Preventive Dentistry

ISSN (print) 1602-1622 • ISSN (online) 1757-9996

Publication:

Spring 2005
Volume 3 , Issue 1



Pages: 9-14
Back
Share Abstract:

Causes and Prevention of Dental Caries: A Perspective on Cases and Incidence

Holst, Dorthe

The purpose of the present paper is: 1) to review recent concepts of the causes of caries; 2) to illustrate parameters of causes of cases and of incidence; and 3) to outline the consequences for caries prevention and oral health promotion. The paper is divided in three sections. Section 1 reviews recent theories of the causes of caries and summarizes that it is necessary to make a clear distinction between the causes of a case of caries and causes of occurrence of caries in populations. Cases relate to the reasons why individuals get sick, while incidence relates to why so many (or so few) within a population get sick. In section 2 the difference between the causes of a case and of the occurrence in a population is illustrated. A new social epidemiology moves beyond the focus on individual level risk factors to a multi-level perspective. Applied to oral diseases the paradigm of social epidemiology bridges our understanding of the biological determinants of caries with an understanding of the societal determinants of caries. Social epidemiology is the branch of epidemiology that studies the social distribution and social determinants of states of health. Individuals are embedded in societies and populations. In section 3 the insight acquired above is applied to the choice of disease-preventive and oral health-promotive strategies. Prevention of caries and promotion of oral health must be rooted in the understanding of caries as it occurs in populations.

Keywords: dental caries, causes, cases, incidence, prevention, promotion

Full Text PDF File | Order Article

 

 
  © 2014 Quintessence Publishing Co Inc
 

Home | Subscription Services | Books | Journals | Multimedia | Events | Blog
Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | About Us | Contact Us | Advertising | Help | Sitemap | Catalog