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Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

Edited by Jean-Francois Roulet, Poul Erik Petersen, Anton Sculean

Official journal of the World Congress of Minimally Invasive Dentistry

ISSN (print) 1602-1622 • ISSN (online) 1757-9996


Summer 2006
Volume 4 , Issue 2

Pages: 137-144
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Obesity and Dental Caries - A Systematic Review

Kantovitz, Kamila Rosamilia/Pascon, Fernanda Miori/Rontani, Regina Maria Puppin/Gaviao, Maria Beatriz Duarte

Purpose: The purpose of this paper was to undertake a systematic review about the relationship between obesity in childhood, adolescence and/or adulthood and the prevalence of dental caries. Methods: The authors searched Bireme, Medline, ISI, Cochrane Library and the internet for papers from 1984-2004. The main search terms were ’obesity’ and ’dental caries’. The inclusion criteria were studies that defined obesity (body mass index) and dental caries (total number of decayed, and filled teeth DFT/DFS/dft/dfs) in their subjects. The following were excluded from this paper: articles on reviews, dietary guidelines, policy statements, papers related to oral health and nutrition deficiency underweight, and with no relation between obesity and dental caries prevalence or dental health problems. Results: No systematic review has focused on correlating obesity and caries and only three studies had high levels of evidence. Conclusion: Only one study with high level of evidence showed direct association between obesity and dental caries. In view of the findings, further well-designed randomised studies are needed to demonstrate the relationship between dental caries and obesity.

Keywords: review literature, dental caries, obesity, body mass index, DMF index

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