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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OHPD


Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

Edited by Jean-Francois Roulet, Poul Erik Petersen, Anton Sculean

Official journal of the World Congress of Minimally Invasive Dentistry

ISSN (print) 1602-1622 • ISSN (online) 1757-9996


Summer 2007
Volume 5 , Issue 2

Pages: 95-100
Share Abstract:

An Assessment of Oral Self-Care among Romanian Dental Students using the Hiroshima University - Dental Behavioural Inventory

Dumitrescu, A. L. / Kawamura, M. / Sasahara, H.

Objective: To determine the differences in oral self-care levels between 322 Romanian dental students. Materials and Methods: The design of the study was a cross-sectional survey of dental students in Romania. The examination was based upon responses to a questionnaire entitled ‘Hiroshima University – Dental Behavioural Inventory’ (HU-DBI) and three additional questions. Results: Statistically significant differences of the mean HU-DBI scores were observed between year 1 and 2 (level of basic science course) and year 5 and 6 (level of clinical course) and between genders (p < 0.001). Statistically significant differences were notable in 10 items out of 20 between three levels of dental education (basic, preclinical and clinical levels). The most striking results were that year 5 and 6 students were less likely to use a toothbrush with hard bristles (p < 0.001), and less likely to worry about the colour of their teeth (p < 0.01). While 20% of year 1 and 2 students reported daily flossing, almost 46% was reported in year 5 and 6 students (p < 0.001). A significant difference was also observed on flossing behaviour between genders (p < 0.001). Of 205 year 1–4 students, 176 (85.9%) were correctly predicted by the models, and 177 of 193 female students (91.7%) were correctly predicted. Conclusions: There were considerable differences in dental health attitudes/behaviour between the three levels of dental education and between genders.

Keywords: dental education, dental students, gender, oral health behaviour, Romania

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