Purpose: To assess the relationship between health locus of control and oral health status among Information
Technology (IT) professionals in Hyderabad, India.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was carried out among IT employees in Hyderabad
city. The behaviour, attitude and perceptions of individuals towards health were assessed using the multidimensional
health locus of control scale. Oral health status was evaluated clinically utilising the simplified oral hygiene
index, community periodontal index, and loss of attachment index. Data were statistically analysed using SPSS
software (v 21.0).
Results: A convenience sample of 989 employees (response rate of 82.4%, mean age 26.3 ± 5.0 years) completed
the questionnaire. The overall highest mean domain score was recorded for ‘chance locus of control’ (CLOC;
9.0 ± 2.1) and lowest overall mean domain score for ‘internal locus of control’ (ILOC; 6.7 ± 0.9). The overall mean
scores of DI-S, CI-S and OHI-S were 0.7 ± 0.4, 0.7 ± 0.5 and 1.4 ± 0.8, respectively; there was an inverse relation
with age groups. The mean CPI and LOA scores observed among males, ranging from 0.4 ± 0.6 to 1.6 ± 1.1, were
statistically significantly higher than those of females, ranging from 0.2 ± 0.5 to 1.3 ± 1.2 (p = 0.00). Powerful
locus of control had a statistically significant negative correlation with oral hygiene indices. In contrast, a positive
correlation was observed between ILOC and DI-S and OHI-S (r = 0.0672 and r = 0.0639, respectively).
Conclusion: This study highlighted that people with a positive attitude regulate their health behaviour and maintain
good oral hygiene.