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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OHPD

 

Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

Edited by Anton Sculean, Poul Erik Petersen, Avijit Banerjee

ISSN (print) 1602-1622 • ISSN (online) 1757-9996

Publication:

July/August 2015
Volume 13 , Issue 4



Pages: 323-330
PMID: 25610917
DOI: 10.3290/j.ohpd.a33444
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Share Abstract:

Relationship Between Oral Health Literacy and Oral Health Status Among College Students

Karthik Kumar Kanupuru / Nusrath Fareed / Kudlur Maheswarappa Sudhir

Purpose: To examine the relationship between oral health literacy and oral health by adapting a valid oral health literacy instrument.

Materials and Methods: A random sample of 715 students from 9 institutes was included in the study. Oral health literacy (OHL) was assessed by making the students pronounce a list of 40 words from REALD-99. Oral health status (OHL) was assessed using a modified WHO (1997) proforma. A stepwise logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the impact of independent factors on oral health literacy.

Results: The response rate was 97.9%; 15 students refused to participate, leaving 700 participants in the final sample. The mean age of the participants was 20.35 1.66 years. A statistically significant difference was observed in OHL according to the clinical parameters. Caries prevalence was higher among subjects with low OHL with a mean DMFT score of 2.69 1.53, compared with high-OHL students having a mean DMFT of 0.22 0.4. Similarly, oral hygiene status was poor among subjects with low OHL (1.53 0.6). Community periodontal index (CPI) scores were lower (1.06 0.8) in subjects with high OHL than in those with low literacy (CPI: 1.6 0.6).

Conclusion: The present study revealed a negative correlation between oral health literacy and clinical parameters measured, that is, higher oral health literacy was associated with better oral health.

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