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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OHPD


Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

Edited by Anton Sculean, Poul Erik Petersen, Avijit Banerjee

ISSN (print) 1602-1622 • ISSN (online) 1757-9996


Summer 2013
Volume 11 , Issue 2

Pages: 131-139
PMID: 23757453
DOI: 10.3290/j.ohpd.a29735
Share Abstract:

Importance-Performance Analysis of Dental Satisfaction Among Three Ethnic Groups in Malaysia

Dewi, Fellani Danasra / Gundavarapu, Kalyan C. / Cugati, Navaneetha

Purpose: To find the differences in patient satisfaction related to dental services among three ethnic groups - Chinese, Indian and Malay - at AIMST University Dental Centre and analyse them with an importance-performance grid, identifying the weak and strong points, in order to provide better service.
Materials and Methods: This questionnaire-based study consisted of convenience samples of 174 patients of Chinese, Indian and Malay ethnicity. Importance-performance analysis for 20 attributes were compared using Likert’s scale. The data obtained were statistically analysed using the Kruskal-Wallis test.
Results: Chinese and Indians both emphasised low performance on the interpersonal relationship attribute in terms of the receptionist’s courtesy, whereas the Malay participants were concerned with convenience attributes. All the ethnic groups favoured maintaining existing major attributes towards technical competency, interpersonal relationship and facility factors. This study demonstrated priority differences between the ethnic groups’ perception of the quality of dental services, where ethnic Chinese showed the highest gap (measure of dissatisfaction) between importance and performance compared to ethnic Malays, followed by ethnic Indians.
Conclusion: The patients from the three major ethnic groups of Malaysia were generally well satisfied. Perhaps more priority should be placed on improving the interpersonal relationship attribute, especially with the receptionists.

Keywords: ethnicity, expectation, health care, importance-performance analysis, perception, quality service

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