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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OHPD

 

Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

Edited by Prof. Dr. Jean-François Roulet, Prof. Dr. Dr. Niklaus P. Lang, Prof. Dr. Palle Holmstrup

Official journal of the Academy of Minimally Invasive Dentistry, the World Congress of Microdentistry, and the European Society of Preventive Dentistry

ISSN (print) 1602-1622 • ISSN (online) 1757-9996

Publication:

Winter 2012
Volume 10 , Issue 4



Pages: 397 - 403
PMID: 23301241
DOI: 10.3290/j.ohpd.a28911
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Salivary Calcium Concentration and Periodontal Health of Young Adults in Relation to Tobacco Smoking

Sutej, Ivana / Peros, Kristina / Benutic, Anica / Capak, Krunoslav / Basic, Kresimir / Rosin-Grget, Kata

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of tobacco smoking and salivary calcium on the periodontal status of young adults.
Materials and Methods: Plaque index, gingival bleeding on probing, supragingival calculus, DMFT index, salivary flow, pH and salivary calcium in unstimulated salivary samples were recorded in smokers and nonsmokers.
Results: There were no significant differences between smokers and nonsmokers with respect to salivary flow (P = 0.08) and calcium level (P = 0.09). Significant correlations (P < 0.05) were found between a higher calcium level and higher probing depth (r = 0.60), higher number of teeth with probing depth of more than 4 mm (r = 0.70), greater clinical attachment level (r = 0.49) and lower number of teeth bleeding on probing (r = -0.50).
Conclusion: Moderate smoking of tobacco cigarettes in young healthy subjects may not have a significant impact on salivary flow or calcium concentrations in unstimulated saliva, but an association exists between an increased level of salivary calcium and development of periodontal disease.

Keywords: calcium, periodontal diseases, saliva, tobacco smoking, young adult

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