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Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

Edited by Jean-Francois Roulet, Poul Erik Petersen, Anton Sculean

Official journal of the World Congress of Minimally Invasive Dentistry

ISSN (print) 1602-1622 • ISSN (online) 1757-9996


Winter 2012
Volume 10 , Issue 4

Pages: 397 - 403
PMID: 23301241
DOI: 10.3290/j.ohpd.a28911
Share Abstract:

Salivary Calcium Concentration and Periodontal Health of Young Adults in Relation to Tobacco Smoking

Sutej, Ivana / Peros, Kristina / Benutic, Anica / Capak, Krunoslav / Basic, Kresimir / Rosin-Grget, Kata

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of tobacco smoking and salivary calcium on the periodontal status of young adults.
Materials and Methods: Plaque index, gingival bleeding on probing, supragingival calculus, DMFT index, salivary flow, pH and salivary calcium in unstimulated salivary samples were recorded in smokers and nonsmokers.
Results: There were no significant differences between smokers and nonsmokers with respect to salivary flow (P = 0.08) and calcium level (P = 0.09). Significant correlations (P < 0.05) were found between a higher calcium level and higher probing depth (r = 0.60), higher number of teeth with probing depth of more than 4 mm (r = 0.70), greater clinical attachment level (r = 0.49) and lower number of teeth bleeding on probing (r = -0.50).
Conclusion: Moderate smoking of tobacco cigarettes in young healthy subjects may not have a significant impact on salivary flow or calcium concentrations in unstimulated saliva, but an association exists between an increased level of salivary calcium and development of periodontal disease.

Keywords: calcium, periodontal diseases, saliva, tobacco smoking, young adult

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