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Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

Edited by Prof. Dr. Jean-François Roulet, Prof. Dr. Dr. Niklaus P. Lang, Prof. Dr. Palle Holmstrup

Official journal of the Academy of Minimally Invasive Dentistry, the World Congress of Microdentistry, and the European Society of Preventive Dentistry

ISSN (print) 1602-1622 • ISSN (online) 1757-9996


Winter 2012
Volume 10 , Issue 4

Pages: 379 - 387
PMID: 23301239
DOI: 10.3290/j.ohpd.a28909
Share Abstract:

Self-efficacy Perspective on Oral Health Behaviour and Diabetes Management

Cinar, Ayse Basak / Oktay, Inci / Schou, Lone

Purpose: To assess the role of toothbrushing self-efficacy (TBSE) in toothbrushing (TB) behaviour and diabetes management, measured in terms of HbA1c knowledge, quality of life, BMI, self-reported health and physical activity among Turkish type-II-diabetes (DM2) patients.
Materials and Methods: A pilot study using self-administered health questionnaires was conducted among a random sample of 60 patients (aged 40 to 70 years) in Istanbul, Turkey. The assessed variables were: TBSE, TB, glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) knowledge, quality of life, BMI, self-reported health and physical activity. Descriptive statistics, frequency distributions, Pearson’s correlation, the chi-square test and MANOVA were applied.
Results: Almost half of the patients reported low TBSE (mean >= 53%). and TB once a day (54%). Most (77%) did not know their HA1C level and they were overweight (42%) and obese (32%). Almost half of the patients reported good quality of life (> mean, 55%), being physically active (51%) and in good health (mean < 46%). The patients reporting high levels of TBSE were more likely to know their HbA1c (OR = 10.5: 95%CI = 1.01-103.24) and to report better health (OR = 10.0: 95%CI = 1.80-55.63) and were less likely to be obese (OR = 0.16: 95%CI = 0.02-1.00) (P < 0.05). There was a strong correlation between TBSE and TB (rs = 0.61, P < 0.01).
Conclusion: The present study underlines the need for TBSE-integrated common health promotion for oral health and DM2, considering the relation of TBSE, HbA1c, BMI and toothbrushing.

Keywords: BMI (body mass index), diabetes management, oral health behaviour, self-efficacy, WHOQOL-Bref

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