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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OFPH
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache

Edited by Barry J. Sessle, BDS, MDS, BSc, PhD, FRSC

Official Journal of the American Academy of Orofacial Pain,
the European, Asian, and Ibero-Latin Academies of Craniomandibular
Disorders, and the Australian Academy of Orofacial Pain

ISSN 2333-0384 (print) • ISSN 2333-0376 (online)

Fall 2011
Volume 25 , Issue 4

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Antihyperalgesic Effects of Clomipramine and Tramadol in a Model of Posttraumatic Trigeminal Neuropathic Pain in Mice

Pedro Alvarez, DVM, PhD/Aurore Brun/Anaïs Labertrandie/José Lopez/Alejandro Correa/Luís Constandil, PhD/Alejandro Hernández, DDS/Teresa Pelissier, DDS

Pages: 354–363
PMID: 22247931

Aims: To develop a behavioral model in mice that is capable of mimicking some distinctive symptoms of human posttraumatic trigeminal neuropathic pain such as spontaneous pain, cold allodynia, and chemical/inflammatory hyperalgesia, and to use this model to investigate the antinociceptive effects of clomipramine and tramadol, two drugs used for the treatment of neuropathic pain. Methods: A partial tight ligature of the right infraorbital nerve by an intraoral access or a sham procedure was performed. Fourteen days later, mice were subcutaneously injected with saline or drugs and the spontaneous nociceptive behavior, as well as the responses to topical acetone and to formalin or capsaicin injected into the ipsilateral vibrissal pad, were assessed. Data were analyzed by ANOVA. Results: Neuropathic mice exhibited an increased spontaneous rubbing/scratching of the ipsilateral vibrissal pad, together with enhanced responses to cooling (acetone) and the chemical irritants (formalin, capsaicin). Clomipramine and tramadol produced an antihyperalgesic effect on most of these nociceptive responses, but tramadol was ineffective on capsaicin-induced hyperalgesia. Conclusion: Nociceptive responses in this neuropathic pain model in mice exhibited a pattern consistent with the pain described by posttraumatic trigeminal neuropathic patients. The selective antihyperalgesic effect obtained with two commonly used drugs for treating neuropathic pain confirms the validity of this preclinical model. J Orofac Pain 2011;25:354–363

Key words: clomipramine, infraorbital nerve ligation, mice, neuropathic trigeminal pain, tramadol

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