LOGIN
 
Share Page:
Back

Volume 25 , Issue 2
Spring 2011

Pages 153–160


Risk Factors for Anterior Disc Displacement with Reduction and Intermittent Locking in Adolescents

Stanimira I. Kalaykova, DDS, PhD/Frank Lobbezoo, DDS, PhD/Machiel Naeije, PhD


PMID: 21528122

Aims: To test the hypothesis that oral parafunctions and symptomatic temporomandibulair joint (TMJ) hypermobility are risk factors in adolescents for both anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDR) and intermittent locking. Methods: Participants were two hundred sixty 12- to 16-year-old adolescents (52.3% female) visiting a university clinic for regular dental care. ADDR and symptomatic TMJ hypermobility were diagnosed using a structured clinical examination. During the anamnesis, reports of intermittent locking and of several parafunctions were noted, eg, nocturnal tooth grinding, diurnal jaw clenching, gum chewing, nail biting, lip and/or cheek biting, and biting on objects. The adolescents’ dentitions were examined for opposing matching tooth-wear facets as signs of tooth grinding. Risk factors for ADDR and intermittent locking were first assessed using univariate logistic regression and then entered into a stepwise backward multiple model. Results: While in the multiple model, ADDR was weakly associated only with increasing age (P = .02, explained variance 8.1%), intermittent locking was weakly correlated to diurnal jaw clenching (P = .05, explained variance 27.3%). Conclusion: In adolescence, diurnal clenching may be a risk factor for intermittent locking while age may be a risk factor for ADDR. Symptomatic TMJ hypermobility seems to be unrelated to either ADDR or to intermittent locking. J OROFAC PAIN 2011;25:153–160

Key words: anterior disc displacement, human, internal derangement, oral parafunctions, symptomatic TMJ hypermobility, temporomandibular joint


Full Text PDF File | Order Article

 

 
Get Adobe Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files. This is a free program available from the Adobe web site.
Follow the download directions on the Adobe web site to get your copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader.

 

© 2017 Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc

JOFPH Home
Current Issue
Ahead of Print
Archive
Author Guidelines
About
Accepted Manuscripts
Submission Form
Submit
Reprints
Permission
Advertising
Quintessence Home
Terms of Use
Privacy Policy
About Us
Contact Us
Help