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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: OFPH
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache

Edited by Barry J. Sessle, BDS, MDS, BSc, PhD, FRSC

Official Journal of the American Academy of Orofacial Pain,
the European, Asian, and Ibero-Latin Academies of Craniomandibular
Disorders, and the Australian Academy of Orofacial Pain

ISSN 2333-0384 (print) • ISSN 2333-0376 (online)

Publication:
Spring 2011
Volume 25 , Issue 2

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Adolescents with Temporomandibular Disorder Pain—The Living with TMD Pain Phenomenon

Ing-Marie Nilsson, DDS, Odont dr/ Thomas List, DDS, Odont dr/ Ania Willman, RN, PhD

Pages: 107–116
PMID: 21528117

Aims: To acquire a deeper understanding of adolescents’ experiences of living with temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain. Methods: Twenty-one adolescents with TMD pain, aged 15 to 19, were strategically selected from a group of patients referred to an orofacial pain clinic. The patients were examined and received diagnoses per the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD. One-on-one interviews that followed a semistructured protocol focused on the patient’s experiences of living with TMD pain. The interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim, followed by content analysis to obtain a deeper understanding of adolescents’ experiences living with TMD pain. Results: Content analysis led to the overall theme “Adolescents with TMD live with recurrent pain; physical problems and daily demands form a vicious circle that causes adolescents to oscillate between hope and despondency.” The latent content forming the theme is grounded in three categories that evolved from 13 subcategories. For instance, five subcategories—headache; headache on awakening; jaw and tooth pain; constant thoughts of pain; and popping, cracking, clicking, and locking—formed the category that was labeled TMD pain is recurrent. The latent interpretation, ie, the meaning, of this category was that adolescents with TMD pain constantly thought about the pain, even when it was absent. Conclusion: TMD pain is a substantial problem for affected adolescents and has consequences for all aspects of their lives. In this study, the adolescents were able to talk openly and introduce issues outside of the interview protocol. Qualitative analysis deepens our understanding of the adolescent patient with TMD pain. J OROFAC PAIN 2011;25:107–116

Key words: adolescents, content analysis, headache, interview, TMD pain

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